Type 2 diabetes diet plays a very important role in type 2 diabetes treatment.
Type 2 diabetes is triggered by multiple causes interacting with one another, such as genetic predisposition and environmental factors.
Among the environmental factors that may favor the development of diabetes there are overweight and obesity (especially excess of belly fat) and an unbalanced diet, rich in saturated fats and simple sugars.
Often , diabetes is associated with other metabolic diseases, such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. In these cases, it is called metabolic syndrome.
The main characteristic of diabetes is the presence of elevated blood glucose levels in the blood; hyperglycemia may be asymptomatic or present with nonspecific symptoms (such as persistent thirst or increased sense of hunger associated with weight loss).
It 's very important to diagnose and treat diabetes the best way you can, because over time this disease can cause very serious complications, especially regarding retina and kidney.
Type 2 diabetes must be treated by a healthcare professional with appropriate pharmacotherapy .
It 's very important to do tests to prevent long-term complications.
Of course, type 2 diabetes diet plays a vital role in the therapy.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Goals
- In overweight and obese subjects, reduction in weight and waist circumference. This allows not only to reduce sugar levels in the blood, but also to reduce other cardiovascular risk factors (such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia)
- Reduction in the consumption of simple sugars
- Reduction in the consumption of saturated fats
- Increased consumption of fiber
- Maintain a regular and moderate physical activity, preferably aerobic (cardio)
- Never skip breakfast. It should be composed of: a cup of low-fat milk or a yogurt + toast or cereal or bread or biscuits plus a medium-sized fruit (about 150 g), to be consumed preferably with the skin, well washed
- For lunch and dinner eat full meals composed of bread, pasta or rice (preferably cooked "al dente", using in about 50% of cases whole grains) plus a second course (meat or fish or cheese or cold meats or eggs or legumes) plus vegetables plus fruit. Who does not want to eat first and second course, they can create unique dishes based on carbohydrates and proteins (like pasta with tuna , rice and peas, pasta with mozzarella and tomato sandwich with roast beef), always accompanied by vegetables and fruit
- Avoid using sugar to sweeten beverages, possibly replacing it with the sweetener
- Limit sugary fruit: bananas, figs, persimmons, grapes, tangerines and clementines, dried fruit, dried and canned. Consume fruits preferably with the skin, well washed.
- Take generous servings of raw and cooked vegetables. Remember that potatoes and legumes should not be considered as vegetables, but as a substitutes, respectively, of pasta and breads and main dishes
- Limit as much as possible the consumption of sweets (cookies, cakes, snacks, desserts) and carbonated soft drinks. It's possible to use nutritional products for diabetics, remembering that the baked goods are not low-calorie sugar-free
- Consume cheese a couple of times a week, as an alternative to the main course
- Eat "cold cut" meats a couple of times a week, as an alternative to the main course. Prefer the leaner meats (ham, prosciutto, dried beef, ham, roast turkey and chicken) and get rid of the visible fat
- Limit the use of fat condiments (such as butter, lard, margarine)
- Season preferably with olive oil
- Consume fish (fresh or frozen) not less than two or three times a week
- It is allowed a moderate consumption of red wine (about half a cup per meal)
- Drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid a day (preferably mineral water)
- Perform regular and moderate aerobic physical activity (for example , 30 min of walking per day)
Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with insulin may need personalized type 2 diabetes diet that is generally provided by the Diet and Nutrition Clinic Services.
Oh, and don't forget to start your workout program!
As I said several times already, gaining muscle is the best way to get rid of excess fat...which is very beneficial to fighting diabetes too.
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